Dermatome Pain Map

Dermatome Pain MapThe term “dermatome” is a combination of 2 Ancient Greek words; “derma” indicating “skin”, and “tome”, meaning “cutting” or “thin section”. It is an area of skin which is innervated by the posterior (dorsal) root of a single spine nerve. As posterior roots are organized in sectors, dermatomes are. This is why the term “dermatome” refers to the segmental innervation of the skin.

Dermatome Pain Map

Dermatomes Link To Pain Dr Michael A Castillo MD – Dermatomes Link To Pain Dr Michael A Castillo MD

Surrounding dermatomes often, if not constantly overlap to some degree with each other, as the sensory peripheral branches corresponding to one posterior root typically exceed the limit of their dermatome. As such, the thin lines seen in the dermatome maps are more of a medical guide than a genuine border. Dermatome Pain Map

This suggests that if a single back nerve is impacted, there is most likely still some degree of innervation to that segment of skin originating from above and below. For a dermatome to be entirely numb, typically 2 or 3 surrounding posterior roots require to be affected. In addition, it’s crucial to note that dermatomes go through a big degree of interindividual variation. A graphical representation of all the dermatomes on a body surface area chart is referred to as a dermatome map. Dermatome Pain Map

Dermatome maps

Dermatome maps illustrate the sensory circulation of each dermatome across the body. Clinicians can assess cutaneous experience with a dermatome map as a way to localize sores within main worried tissue, injury to particular spinal nerves, and to figure out the degree of the injury. A number of dermatome maps have been developed over the years but are often conflicting.

The most commonly used dermatome maps in significant textbooks are the Keegan and Garrett map (1948) which leans towards a developmental interpretation of this concept, and the Foerster map (1933) which correlates much better with medical practice. This post will review the dermatomes using both maps, determining and comparing the significant differences between them.

Why Are Dermatomes Important?

To comprehend dermatomes, it is very important to understand the anatomy of the spine. The spine is divided into 31 segments, each with a pair (right and left) of posterior and anterior nerve roots. The kinds of nerves in the anterior and posterior roots are various.

Anterior nerve roots are responsible for motor signals to the body, and posterior nerve roots receive sensory signals like discomfort or other sensory signs. The anterior and posterior nerve roots integrate on each side to form the back nerves as they exit the vertebral canal (the bones of the spine, or foundation).