Dermatome Map Quizlower Limb Cutaneous Nerves Dermatomes Quiz

Dermatome Map Quizlower Limb Cutaneous Nerves Dermatomes QuizThe term “dermatome” is a combination of two Ancient Greek words; “derma” indicating “skin”, and “tome”, implying “cutting” or “thin sector”. It is an area of skin which is innervated by the posterior (dorsal) root of a single back nerve. As posterior roots are arranged in sections, dermatomes are as well. This is why the term “dermatome” refers to the segmental innervation of the skin.

Dermatome Map Quizlower Limb Cutaneous Nerves Dermatomes Quiz

Dermatomes Definition Chart And Diagram – Dermatomes Definition Chart And Diagram

Neighboring dermatomes typically, if not always overlap to some degree with each other, as the sensory peripheral branches representing one posterior root usually surpass the limit of their dermatome. As such, the thin lines seen in the dermatome maps are more of a medical guide than a real border. Dermatome Map Quizlower Limb Cutaneous Nerves Dermatomes Quiz

This suggests that if a single back nerve is impacted, there is likely still some degree of innervation to that sector of skin originating from above and below. For a dermatome to be entirely numb, typically two or three surrounding posterior roots need to be affected. In addition, it’s crucial to keep in mind that dermatomes go through a large degree of interindividual variation. A graphical representation of all the dermatomes on a body surface area chart is described as a dermatome map. Dermatome Map Quizlower Limb Cutaneous Nerves Dermatomes Quiz

Dermatome maps

Dermatome maps illustrate the sensory circulation of each dermatome throughout the body. Clinicians can assess cutaneous feeling with a dermatome map as a method to localize lesions within central nervous tissue, injury to particular back nerves, and to identify the level of the injury. A number of dermatome maps have been developed throughout the years however are frequently contrasting.

The most frequently utilized dermatome maps in major books are the Keegan and Garrett map (1948) which leans towards a developmental analysis of this idea, and the Foerster map (1933) which correlates better with medical practice. This post will review the dermatomes utilizing both maps, recognizing and comparing the significant distinctions in between them.

Why Are Dermatomes Important?

To understand dermatomes, it is necessary to comprehend the anatomy of the spinal column. The spine is divided into 31 sections, each with a set (right and left) of anterior and posterior nerve roots. The types of nerves in the posterior and anterior roots are various.

Anterior nerve roots are responsible for motor signals to the body, and posterior nerve roots get sensory signals like pain or other sensory symptoms. The posterior and anterior nerve roots integrate on each side to form the back nerves as they leave the vertebral canal (the bones of the spine, or foundation).