Dermatome Chart Pathways Nerve Roots

Dermatome Chart Pathways Nerve RootsThe term “dermatome” is a combination of 2 Ancient Greek words; “derma” suggesting “skin”, and “tome”, implying “cutting” or “thin segment”. It is a location of skin which is innervated by the posterior (dorsal) root of a single back nerve. As posterior roots are organized in segments, dermatomes are also. This is why the term “dermatome” refers to the segmental innervation of the skin.

Dermatome Chart Pathways Nerve Roots

Dermatomes Diagram Spinal Nerves And Locations – Dermatomes Diagram Spinal Nerves And Locations

Neighboring dermatomes frequently, if not always overlap to some degree with each other, as the sensory peripheral branches representing one posterior root typically go beyond the limit of their dermatome. The thin lines seen in the dermatome maps are more of a scientific guide than a real limit. Dermatome Chart Pathways Nerve Roots

This implies that if a single spine nerve is affected, there is likely still some degree of innervation to that sector of skin originating from above and below. For a dermatome to be completely numb, generally two or 3 surrounding posterior roots need to be affected. In addition, it’s essential to keep in mind that dermatomes undergo a big degree of interindividual variation. A visual representation of all the dermatomes on a body surface area chart is referred to as a dermatome map. Dermatome Chart Pathways Nerve Roots

Dermatome maps

Dermatome maps illustrate the sensory circulation of each dermatome across the body. Clinicians can evaluate cutaneous sensation with a dermatome map as a way to localize sores within main nervous tissue, injury to specific back nerves, and to figure out the level of the injury. Numerous dermatome maps have been established for many years but are frequently contrasting.

The most typically used dermatome maps in significant textbooks are the Keegan and Garrett map (1948) which leans towards a developmental interpretation of this principle, and the Foerster map (1933) which correlates better with medical practice. This article will review the dermatomes using both maps, identifying and comparing the significant distinctions in between them.

Why Are Dermatomes Important?

To comprehend dermatomes, it is important to understand the anatomy of the spine. The spine is divided into 31 sectors, each with a set (right and left) of posterior and anterior nerve roots. The kinds of nerves in the posterior and anterior roots are various.

Anterior nerve roots are responsible for motor signals to the body, and posterior nerve roots receive sensory signals like pain or other sensory symptoms. The anterior and posterior nerve roots integrate on each side to form the spine nerves as they exit the vertebral canal (the bones of the spinal column, or backbone).