Dermatome Cervical Map

Dermatome Cervical MapThe term “dermatome” is a mix of 2 Ancient Greek words; “derma” implying “skin”, and “tome”, suggesting “cutting” or “thin segment”. It is a location of skin which is innervated by the posterior (dorsal) root of a single spine nerve. As posterior roots are arranged in segments, dermatomes are as well. This is why the term “dermatome” describes the segmental innervation of the skin.

Dermatome Cervical Map

Dermatomes Diagram Spinal Nerves And Locations – Dermatomes Diagram Spinal Nerves And Locations

Surrounding dermatomes often, if not constantly overlap to some degree with each other, as the sensory peripheral branches corresponding to one posterior root generally go beyond the limit of their dermatome. As such, the thin lines seen in the dermatome maps are more of a medical guide than a real boundary. Dermatome Cervical Map

This implies that if a single spinal nerve is impacted, there is most likely still some degree of innervation to that section of skin coming from above and listed below. For a dermatome to be completely numb, normally 2 or 3 surrounding posterior roots need to be impacted. In addition, it’s essential to keep in mind that dermatomes go through a big degree of interindividual variation. A graphical representation of all the dermatomes on a body surface chart is described as a dermatome map. Dermatome Cervical Map

Dermatome maps

Dermatome maps illustrate the sensory distribution of each dermatome across the body. Clinicians can assess cutaneous experience with a dermatome map as a way to localize lesions within central nervous tissue, injury to specific back nerves, and to identify the degree of the injury. A number of dermatome maps have actually been developed for many years however are frequently clashing.

The most commonly utilized dermatome maps in major textbooks are the Keegan and Garrett map (1948) which leans towards a developmental analysis of this idea, and the Foerster map (1933) which correlates better with clinical practice. This article will evaluate the dermatomes utilizing both maps, identifying and comparing the major distinctions between them.

Why Are Dermatomes Important?

To understand dermatomes, it is necessary to comprehend the anatomy of the spinal column. The spinal column is divided into 31 sectors, each with a set (right and left) of anterior and posterior nerve roots. The kinds of nerves in the anterior and posterior roots are different.

Anterior nerve roots are accountable for motor signals to the body, and posterior nerve roots get sensory signals like pain or other sensory symptoms. The anterior and posterior nerve roots combine on each side to form the back nerves as they exit the vertebral canal (the bones of the spine, or foundation).